Generally breeds west of the Pacific Crest from southern California to Washington. Winters in the mountains of west Mexico to Nicaragua.
Breeds primarily in Douglas-fir forests with dense tree canopy and multiple layers of vegetation including a well-developed understory.
Glean (pick) insects off vegetation and can be seen hovering as they forage.
Oldest recorded age – 4 years
Oregon-Washington and California Partners In Flight Focal Species
This article can be found in KBO’s Winter 2005 newsletter